Well, but in detail… what is an isomorphism?
The easiest way is to indicate what it is not, that is, defining it through a series of negations:
I borrow the words of Douglas Hofstadter: We speak of isomorphism when two complex structures can be applied to each other, that is, to correspond to each other, so that for each part of one of the structures there is a corresponding part in the other structure; in this context we say that two parts are correspondent if they have a similar role in their respective structures.1)
Computers are complex structures made up of interacting parts. Computers of different brands and models are complex but, often, they are made up of parts that perform roughly the same function.
If it were possible to make a part of a computer “correspond” to the homologous part of the other, that is, if what is compiled could adhere, in the best way, to every combination of supported hardware, we would have that a written software for a computer would be recompilable on the others with no losses in performances.
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